The Reproductive Health Programme develops guidelines, norms, and standards for sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRH) in different contexts. The Programme supports young women and youth and mothers in communities , implementing, and evaluating effective ways and strategies related to sexual and reproductive health to improve SRH’s outcomes throughout the life cycle and ensure positive impact coverage.
The Reproductive Health Programme works for:
- Control of Sexually Transmitted and Reproductive Tract Infections, and HIV/AIDS
- Gender Mainstreaming in Sexual and Reproductive Health
- Prevention of Cervical Cancer
- Prevention of Unsafe Abortion
- Repositioning Family Planning
Gender inequity, poverty among women, weak economic capacity, sexual and gender-based violence, including female genital mutilation (FGM), are major impediments to the amelioration of women's health in the African Region. To ensure that women and men have equal access to the necessary opportunities to achieve their full health potential and health equity, the health department and the community need to recognize that women and men differ in sex and gender. Because of social (gender) and biological (sex) differences, women and men experience different health risks, health-seeking behavior, health outcomes, and health systems responses. Furthermore, gender social stratifications have resulted in unequal benefits among various social groups of women and men, as well as between women and men. Hence, continued support to our department to roll out the Women's health strategy and its resolution and integrating gender into health policies and programmes have been the significant achievements.
Women in the African Region are more likely to die from communicable diseases (e.g., HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria), maternal and perinatal conditions, and nutritional deficiencies than women in other regions in the world. Globally, about 468 million women aged 15–49 years (30% of all women) are thought to be anaemic, at least half because of iron deficiency, and most of these anaemic women live in Africa (48–57%). It's reported that 1 in 4 deaths among adult women are caused by NCDs such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Tobacco is a leading risk factor for NCDs, and its use is increasing among young women in the Region.
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